Garden stones: know the types and learn how to use them

garden stones

A garden is a place in the house that can give space to various activities ⏤ relaxation, peaceful breakfasts, games, family and friends meetings, vegetable garden and so on.

Therefore, when designing this space, it is essential to consider all the functions that the garden will house and use materials, finishes and adequate vegetation.

In addition to being aesthetically decorative, garden stones help to drain water, ideal for, during and after rain, for example, not to have stagnant water in the garden.

In this post, we’ll show you different ideas for using garden stones at home, and also which stones are most suitable for each desired function.

Types of Garden Stones

When it comes to garden stones, we can come across a huge range of stones, materials, colors, sizes and different shapes.

Knowing the options available on the market, you will be able to decide, more assertively, which type of stone to use for your garden’s needs and desires.

Pebble

Garden floor covered with pebble stone.

Garden floor covered with pebble stone.

Pebble is also known as river stone, where it is usually found.

This is a type of stone with rounded edges, which varies in color from ivory to light brown; its size may also vary somewhat. A pebble-type stone bag, for example, can contain smaller stones and others a little larger, with colors that are not identical either, after all it is a natural element.

As it is a smooth and rounded type of stone, it is recommended for more contemplative places, such as the winter garden, so as not to run the risk of slipping.

Pebble is also widely used as a decorative garden stone, demarcating vegetation patches, for example.

Dolomite 

White dolomite garden stone.

White dolomite garden stone.

The dolomite stone, usually white in color, is rounded and smooth like a pebble, but of a more regular size and a little larger.

This stone is ideal for covering the floor in stone patios, providing the environment with a peaceful and relaxing atmosphere.

By having a white coloration, this stone contrasts a lot with green elements and wooden decoration.

Pebbles

Floor covered with gravel.

Garden with pebbled floor.

Pebbles are very small stones, with straight, smooth edges and their coloration can be either natural, with a reddish tone, or white.

This is a very common and inexpensive type of stone, very useful for shaping paths and covering a part of the garden floor where there is no vegetation.

Expanded clay

Vase with expanded clay stone.

Vase with expanded clay stone.

Expanded clay is a type of garden stone, light, reddish and rough in color. This type of stone absorbs water and retains moisture.

Although they are widely used on pot surfaces, they can also be used on patios and terraces.

As it is a fragile stone, which breaks easily, it is not recommended for composing paths, but as a decorative element.

Marble

Garden with marble plates path.

Garden with marble plates path.

Marble slabs are the ideal type of stone to compose important paths and also be used for garden flooring.

It can be found in different sizes, with square and irregular shapes. When used as a floor in an area exposed to the elements, it is important that the stone is somewhat rough, not smooth, so it does not become slippery when wet.

The soft, slightly warm color of the marble, in contrast to the green of the vegetation, gives the garden a sophisticated and cozy aesthetic.

Granite

Garden with granite as path and decoration.

Garden with granite as path and decoration.

Granite is a very versatile stone, which, for the garden, can be found both in the form of slabs, to be used as a floor, as well as in larger pieces.

These important granite stones can serve as furniture for the garden as well as an almost sculptural decorative element, due to their natural characteristic.

Unlike marble, granite has a cooler and grayer coloration, which blends in very well with contemporary decor.

Rock gardens

Garden stones are a very versatile resource, which can fulfill many roles in the garden, serving as a barrier, flooring and, of course, decoration.

Below, we’ll show you some examples of how to use garden stones to create a more beautiful and functional outdoor space.

Stone path

The stone path is a great option for traveling through the space without stepping on grass or vegetation.

This is a very simple and practical feature that can be done by yourself and can also be changed or replaced easily.

Path with stones.

Path with stones.

Furthermore, the stone path is a subtle feature to create a route without obstructing the natural environment.

Depending on the size of the garden and the length of the path, the stone path can be made using marble slabs, even smaller pebbles.

Stone patio for garden

The stone patio is the ideal option for those who don’t want to worry about taking care of grass or vegetation on the surface. In addition to being easy to maintain, it results in a serene space.

When done in an outdoor garden, you just have to demarcate a square, triangle or shape to choose beforehand, and then fill it all with stones.

Inner courtyard. Inner courtyard with stones.

This resource is also great for winter gardens, which, as they are less exposed to direct sunlight, end up being a space with difficult growth of superficial vegetation, therefore, stones are the ideal resource to cover the ground in this environment.

To complement the stone-covered patio, distribute pots with trees, shrubs and flowers, for example.

If it’s a more contemplative space, a symbolic image and a bench to sit on also go well with the garden’s stone floor.

Garden stones composing the landscaping

Garden stones can compose the garden’s landscaping by creating organic shapes. In tune with the landscaping, it can result in a sophisticated and complete garden.

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Landscaping with stones.

For this, color contrast is an important feature to take into account. Consider the color of the vegetation, existing or to be planted in the garden, and choose stones that contrast with that color.

White and ivory garden stones contrast sharply with dark green leaves, for example, and vice versa.

Garden stones as a spatial limit

In addition to being decorative, garden stones can also play a role in space. They can serve as a spatial boundary demarcation or guide a path, for example.

Stones as a spatial limit.

Garden stones as a spatial boundary.

Using two different types of stones, or stone and wood, the stones can serve to delimit the space where walking and standing is allowed, creating a subtle and natural contour.

Combine different types of garden stones

For a unique and special garden, a great resource is to combine different types of stones and compose an organic design, which, complemented with vegetation, results in a personalized garden.

Garden with succulents.

Stones for the garden.

Combine, for example, larger pieces of granite with smaller stones of two different colors, create a harmonious composition and then fill the empty spaces with flowers and shrubs.

Your garden, your rules

Whenever possible, when it comes to gardening and landscaping, having a specialized professional is the best way to have a garden that can be maintained over time.

But don’t forget that your home garden can be your space for experiments, leisure, contact with nature, relaxation, and contemplation. So, feel free to create and decorate with vegetation and garden stones that you like best and enjoy this very special place.