Eating healthy at home is routine for some and a desire for many today. Eating natural food, vegetables and organic fruits, without pesticides, can be more economical and pleasurable than buying in the market. Having a vegetable garden at home is a great way to encourage healthier eating habits, an activity that can be done together with children, and even improve the home environment.
To help you along this path, we created this guide on how to make a garden at home, after all, it can be done in many ways, but there are some characteristics in the process that must be followed for your garden to bear fruit and be lasting.
The first issue when considering having a vegetable garden at home is finding the ideal place to plant it. For this, it is very important to take into account the incidence of solar radiation in space. So that the plants can develop optimally, it is recommended that the place where the vegetable garden will be installed receives sun for at least 5 hours, for a complete vegetable garden, with legumes and vegetables, and if you are going to plant only spices and herbs, a few hours of sunshine are enough.
Home garden lighting.
For a vegetable garden, an airy and light space, which receives only indirect lighting, is not enough, as vegetables, vegetables and herbs need solar radiation during their growth.
As the sun’s position changes throughout the year, a tip is to always be aware of the amount of sun that the garden is receiving, to, if possible, move it when it is not being lit effectively.
Where to make a vegetable garden at home?
At this point in the text you may be asking yourself: how can I make a vegetable garden at home if I live in an apartment, or how can I do it if I don’t have a yard at home?
Well know that there are countless ways to create a vegetable garden in a small space, with no soil in the ground to plant.
Home garden in pots.
A great alternative, for example, is to create a vegetable garden in pots, which can be gathered in the same place or spread around the house. If you choose this option, it is always important to check if the pot has one or more holes in its lower surface, so that excess water runs off and does not harm the plant.
Garden in recycled planters.
A simple and compact way to make a vegetable garden at home is using planters, which can be suspended from windows or railings or placed on the floor. In a planter, it is possible to plant, on average, three species of plants. One tip is to separate herbs and spices from vegetables.
Vegetable garden in wooden crates.
If you don’t have planters and don’t want to spend money on vases, one option is to make your home garden using recycled containers, which were in disuse, such as wooden crates or even PET bottles, for example.
Soil preparation for the garden
When making a garden at home, preparing the soil that will receive the plants is a very important step. For the plants to grow correctly and result in quality vegetables, the garden’s soil must be rich in nutrients and organic matter, after all, it is through it that the plant will receive nutrients.
Planting the garden at home.
To introduce nutrients into the soil, you can use organic fertilizers, made with organic waste, which can even be made at home. Organic materials present in everyday foods are great, like eggshells, for example, which are rich in calcium, and also coffee grounds.
In addition, the soil must be fertile and fluffy for nutrient input to occur as the plant develops. The soil must also be moist, but never waterlogged, to prevent the proliferation of fungi and bacteria.
Plants for the garden
Now that you’ve chosen the corner of the house, the containers and prepared the soil, it’s time to plant! The variety of pulses, vegetables, herbs and spices is huge, so we help you with that choice with some delicious plants that are easy to keep in the garden at home.
Basil has already become a seasoning widely used throughout Brazil. The plant adapts well to hot climates and enjoys plenty of sun. Watering must be constant and moderate. A tip: basil flowers weaken the plant, so they should be cut as soon as they are born so as not to harm its development.
Rosemary is a great seasoning for meat and potatoes. It is a hardy plant that grows quite easily, as well as living well in hot climates.
Cherry tomatoes, ideal to accompany salads, should be planted in seeds, preferably in early spring. Harvesting can be done, on average, 60 days after planting, when the fruits are ripe.
Lettuce is a vegetable that can be of different types and is easy to grow and maintain in the garden at home. A tip when planting it is to keep a space of 20 cm between them.